Shipping industry bodies representing the majority of maritime trade have called on world leaders to quickly commence deliberations on how mandatory market-based measures (MBMs) could be implemented for international shipping.
In a joint submission to the United Nations, the bodies are asking member states at the International Maritime Organization (IMO) to bring forward discussions on the development of market-based mechanisms to help decarbonise global shipping.
Industry is asking governments to bring discussions on carbon pricing forward so that they can be considered in tandem with proposals to create a $5 billion R&D fund. Shipping bodies want leaders to put their political weight behind the industrys desire to eliminate the 2% of all global CO2 that the sector emits.
Shipping bodies BIMCO, CLIA, International Chamber of Shipping, World Shipping Council, along with other industry groups, have submitted a proposal to the International Maritime Organization (IMO), calling for the UNs regulatory body to bring forward discussions around MBMs by several years. These measures will be critical to incentivise the transition of the global fleet to new fuels and technologies, which will be more expensive than those in use today, said a release.
MBMs put a price on CO2 emissions to provide an economic incentive for a sector to reduce its emissions by narrowing the price gap between fossil fuels and zero-carbon fuels. Shipping leaders believe that now is the time for the IMO member states to consider the role of MBMs so that measures can be developed and implemented to facilitate the adoption of zero-carbon technologies and commercially viable zero-carbon ships.
For a pricing signal to work, there must be viable alternatives to fossil fuels. These alternatives do not yet exist for large trans-oceanic ships. Development of alternative technologies would be enabled by a massive acceleration of IMO coordinated R&D to be financed by the industry – so that ocean-going ships will be able to switch to new fuels. To this end, member states and industry have already put forward a mature proposal to create a $5 billion fund to provide the research and development needed to create the technologies to decarbonise the sector. Industry leaders have also reiterated their call for nations to support this R&D proposal at the IMO.
The growing need for the consideration of MBMs at the global level, along with accelerated research and development, is too urgent to ignore, the industry bodies have stressed.
In alignment with shippings strategy to reach decarbonisation targets already set by governments, the industry is encouraging the worlds largest economies to expand and accelerate applied research and development efforts. As MBMs can take several years to develop and enter into force, implementation of MBMs and their incentivising impacts will only be able to coincide with the wider introduction of zero-carbon technologies if measures such as the industry-financed R&D fund proposal are approved.
The shipping groups are calling for any MBM to be applied in a fair and equitable way. They echo concerns that have been raised over unilateral carbon pricing schemes, such as the EUs proposed expansion of its ETS, which is seen by some observers as a market distorting solution to a global problem, the release added.